Former EPA officials will tell the Scientific Advisory Board at an Aug. 27 meeting that the agency’s planned shift in the way it uses science for making rules, without fully consulting the board, raises serious practical and ethical problems.

The meeting will address the board’s role in consulting the Environmental Protection Agency on its Strengthening Transparency in Regulatory Science proposal (RIN:2080-AA14) from April 2018, also known as the “secret science” rule.

The proposed rule would bar the EPA from using scientific research that isn’t or can’t be made public. That shift represents a stark...