Nominees for the EPA, Interior, and Energy departments will have to be sent back to the Senate, because the chamber didn’t confirm them before the 115th Congress ended.

President Donald Trump will either have to resubmit the nominees or make new selections.

Several of the nominees who didn’t make it through the Senate had drawn objections from Democrats, who accused them of being too closely aligned with industry to fairly represent their agencies’ interests.

The Senate on Jan. 3 did...